The Nine Muses The Philosophy of the GOOD


Main New Terminology and Definitions

Quick Look Up Index


Amorality – Because man has free will there is also the possibility that man could reject all morality and follow a purpose solely guided by the dictates of the laws of nature in the mortal world, in other words, the instincts of the cumulative survival instinct, with a purpose that follows only material benefit or survival. This is called amorality (see the Essay on Morality).

Bodily Image – This is the representation of the mortal world existent, which is the perceiver’s own body, represented as a part of the present-perception. The will recognizes this through will-induced change it can achieve.

Capitalism – The definition of capitalism I use is more general then what presently exists by that name. The more general version allows us to see how the basic process evolved into its present form. I define capitalism as the process to broker needed resources back to the society which needs them, through the use of a marketplace, and the existence of private property which allows one the means of creating these resources from the labor of individuals in society by buying this labor. Note: private property may be lands, people (slaves), or implements necessary to create resources. This definition shows that the present form of capitalism evolved as a process which was always present, from the time the first societies emerged.

Consciousness – This is the awareness of the perceptual process, the will or “I” experiences.

Continuum – All existents in the mortal world that can be known to the perceiver.

Cosmology – This is a hypothesis which gives an overall rational scheme for interpreting the Universe and all reality.

Ego – This is a much more inclusive term than as used by Freud and the Psychoanalytic school of Psychology. It includes their “Ego” as a part of the personality, and further means that immortal part of the will that assumes a mortal identity. It is a part of the personality which is itself immortal yet influenced and molded by both the mortal (through the survival instinct and the conscience) and immortal (through the GOOD) worlds.

Existents – parts of the mortal world, which the will can separate out or “distinguish” from the rest of the mortal world through its control and the process of change. These are the perceptual equivalents of the objects of thought. These are also relations that can occur between existents that can be separately represented through the perceptual apparatus and the distinction of the will.

Focus – An active perceiver is one that has the focus. The focus is received at birth when perceiving begins, and ends with the mortal death of the individual Ego. The focus defines both the perceiver and his viewpoint, or his reality as such. This is similar to Bishop Berkeley’s idealism, but put into a wider or more inclusive perspective. Throughout the lives of all perceivers the focus is continually shifted through the processes of birth and death. Thus the Universe and all realities are never really one, but a shared and yet very private individual’s reality or universe. The ultimate reality is the final unification of the focus back into God or the Universe from where it originated, and the incorporation of all Egos into the One.

God“A spiritual embodiment of perfect unity, which exhibits a purely selfless will.” In essence God has no purpose through embodying all purposes in the Universe. He is the ultimate Unity derived from all plurality. He is The One in The Many. The expression of God in a human is the agency I call the GOOD (see next entry below.)

The GOOD – The agency in humanity that allows it to assume the wider perspective of the Universe (or God), or the perspective of humanity as a whole, as opposed to the perspective provided by the satisfaction of the survival instinct. This Universal Human Perspective is often termed the "Golden Rule": "Do unto others as you would have them do to you", or "Love your neighbor as yourself".

Id-Ego – This is another name for God or the totality of the Universe, expressed in an all-encompassing rationality with a purpose for humanity. This definition is related to the essay on Cosmology.

Intelligibility – This is the fundamental way in which the reality of the individual is perceived or how knowledge is understood. It might be described as the “form” of perception for the individual perceiver. It can also be described as an interpretation (see Intelligibility Interpretation below). This definition is related to the essay on Intelligibility.

Intelligibility Interpretation – This is a description of Intelligibility (see above) as a type of interpretation of the mortal world which the representational perceptual system makes, thereby creating meaning and truth for the knowledge of the mortal world that the perceiver perceives in the present perception. This basic interpretation is shared by all human perceivers and defines the way knowledge of the mortal world in the perception is understood by a human perceiving will. This definition is related to the essay on Intelligibility.

Justice – This is a type of equitable (or fair) morality that allows man to live in harmony with others. Here we see that it is identical to the absolute morality (see below) we have mentioned (see the Essay on Morality).

The Laws of Nature – These are the basic laws discovered through the actions of the will that elucidate the actions of fate in the mortal world, and show it to be mortal. There are two taken as axioms: The law of Uniqueness: The mortal world is a world of total uniqueness. This law implies that identity or equality do not exist in the mortal world. The law of separation: All existents tend to separate, or change into more existents. The corollary to this is that: all existents exhibit unpredictable change, or end. This corollary introduces chance and therefore fate into the mortal world.

Morality –Morality is the adjustment of the individual will’s purpose so that its behavior is in accord with certain arbitrary standards of behavior that the GOOD, the individual or society takes as the norm. There are three kinds: amorality, Absolute morality and relative morality (see above and below, and the Essay on Morality).

Morality, Absolute – Absolute morality (morality as taken relative to the Divine Will) is the concept of adjusting the purpose of the will so that its behavior is in line with the Golden rule set out in the intuitive promptings of the GOOD (see the Essay on Morality).

Morality, Relative – Morality can also be defined (because man has free will) relative to the individual’s own standards from the conscience, bypassing the GOOD, or relative to his society’s standards as a societal morality. This is a relative morality (see the Essay on Morality).

Mental World – The world or reality of the mortal world that the will perceives in the mind.

Mind – This is a hypothetical place in the will or “I” that experiences consciousness.

Mortal World – The essentially unknowable world that the senses work on (or filter) to obtain knowledge for the will. This is the only way that knowledge of this world can be attained.

Perceiver – The will, which the mind sees as the “I” of the personality; the Self.

Perception, The process of perceiving – Perception is the process of “ordering” (an undefined term) the raw knowledge of the mortal world, received through the sensory apparatus of the body, into a coordinated and synchronized whole, which the modalities of Time, Space, Causality and Reason rework into the overall “intelligible whole”, which the “I” of the will can control through the behaviors of the body (see Perceptual System presented below).

Perceptual System, Perceptual Representational System – This is the system that makes the data of the Mortal world into a present-perception in the mind. It makes a functional representation of the mortal world, which the will can use to manipulate the mortal world. It makes the mortal world intelligible to the will through the higher processes of thought, and through language symbolization also makes it communicable to other perceivers.

Personality – This is the social part of the perceptual representational system, and also the interface for the perceiver to all other perceivers. It also controls the main purposes and free will of the perceiver including the adjustments made to satisfy the survival instinct of the perceiver and the various parts of it (the personality), which represent the society of the perceiver and the agency called the Good. It is both conscious and unconscious in its action.

Present-perception – This is the perceptual picture of reality, which the will or “I” of the mind is presented with through the perceptual representational system of Time, Space, and Causality. Rationality works on this through the self-contained “logic” of the perceptual system. It is always presented in the present; therefore it is termed present-perception. Also it predates or precedes the thought processes. Rationality and memory act on it to create and work with the classes, objects and propositions ultimately created from it. This is really the space within which the will works to separate out the existents of the mortal world.

Spirit – This term I reserve for “Life Force”. It is the same as “Life” or as an adjective “alive”. It is what animates the body and is purely mortal and dies with the body. It is to be distinguished from “Soul” defined below.

Societal continuum – This is the part of the continuum that pertains to the social part of the perceiver’s perception, the personality; it is all the perceivers that exist in the society of the perceiver.

Soul – This is an all-encompassing term used to denote the immortal part of man. It includes the “will”, the GOOD and also the Ego.

Survival Instinct – This is a collective name for all the instincts, and motivating forces that allow the survival and reproductive perpetuation of the individual perceiver and his offspring. This includes hunger, thirst, satiety, pleasure, pain and sexual desire. These forces which direct the will to carry out the survival of the individual are also countered by the social forces that have been implanted in the conscience of the perceiver by the actions of society, and also by the agency of the Good that allows the perceiver to measure his actions according to the effect they may have on all other perceivers.

Thinking, Thought – This is a higher level of processing, which exists in the logical space of the mind. This creates the sentences of language from the logical space, classes and objects, which were determined from the existents that the will has determined.

Unconscious – Those processes that take place in the perceptual apparatus even when the perceiver is unaware of their occurrence.

Understanding – This is the human thinking process.

Will – This is the unexplainable “I” of the perceiver. It is a direct extension of God or the Rationality of the Universe. It exists in man as the GOOD and also as the Ego. It is the overall “Perspective” of humanity and also the individual’s perspective, or viewpoint (see also Soul, Ego, Spirit) merged together as an identity. In humanity the will is the initiator of all behavior (except reflex behaviors). It is that which is the actual identity (Ego) behind the purpose a human exhibits. It receives the focus at birth and relinquishes it in death (see focus above).


Originally Published:

October 11, 2007


January 2, 2014